DETROIT TOTAL CRIME DATA

With a crime rate of 63.13 incidents per 1,000 residents, the city of Detroit routinely competes for the top position as America’s most dangerous city. With the decline of the American auto industry during the last recession, Detroit was hit hard during a time when it could ill afford it. The following graphs are meant to bring light to Detroit’s struggle with in a manner that is to simply present the factual trends. One can derive what meaning they choose from them, but the truth is incontrovertible.


Detroit Total Crimes Data

Population:  671,275

    

VIOLENT

PROPERTY

TOTAL CRIMES

Number of Crimes

13,478

28,897

42,375

Detroit Crime Rate
(per 1,000 residents)

20.08   -2.4 %

43.05  -5.2%

63.13  -4.3%

Michigan Crime Rate
(per 1,000 residents)

4.49   -0.1 %

16.53   -8.3 %

21.03   -6.6 %

Difference From Last Year is Mentioned Next to Crime Rate.

Calculation: Number of Crime / Population x 1000

When reporting data, most cities report crime by types using the categories “Violent” and “Property.” Violent crime is defined as a crime in which an offender uses or threatens the use of force. This includes acts such as murder, rape as well as other crimes where force is used. Meanwhile, property crime is a crime conducted to obtain money, property, or some other benefit. What this graph demonstrates is that Detroit is a major driver for the state’s overall incidents of crime. Detroit totals three times more incidents of crime per 1,000 residents coming in at 63.13 incidents versus the state of Michigan’s 21.03 incidents. Perhaps the most jarring number would be that 20.08 incidents of violent crime per 1,000 residents, Detroit witnesses violent crime at a rate of over 5 times the state of Michigan.

Whereas the total crime rate in Detroit is still concerning today, the trends from 2014 to 2018 do indicate the situation is improving to some degree. Total crime dropped from 46,599 incidents per 1,000 residents in 2014 to 42,375 incidents per 1,000 residents in 2018. Both property and violent crime dropped accordingly and apart from a sharp decrease 2015 followed by a sharp increase in 2016, the data is continuing to trend downward.

TOTAL CRIME DATA

With a population of 671,275 residents, Detroit accounts for 0.21% of the total U.S. population. However, Detroit accounts for 0.50% of the total incidents of crime in the United States. The most striking number would be that Detroit accounts for 1.08% of all violent crime in the United States despite only representing 0.21% of the total population. Meanwhile, it accounts for 0.40% of all property crime.


Population

VIOLENT

PROPERTY

TOTAL CRIMES

Number of Crimes in
Detroit

671,275

13,478

28,897

42,375

Number of Crimes in
Michigan

9,995,915

44,918

165,280

210,198

Number of Crimes in
 United States

327,167,434

1,245,065

7,196,045

8,441,110

Detroit Contribution in Crimes of US

0.21%

1.08%

0.40%

0.50%

​Contribution Calculation: Chicago Data / United States Data x 100

Calculation: Number of Crime / Population x 1000

Detroit VIOLENT CRIME DATA

Another telling graph, the entire state of Michigan witnesses 4.49 incidents of crime per 1,000 residents. This is slightly above the U.S. average which is 3.81 incidents per 1,000 residents. However, the city of Detroit rings in at 20.08 incidents of crime per 1,000 residents. It is clear that Detroit crime is a major driver of total Michigan crime and the state’s total crime rate would look dramatically different if Detroit were not taken into account.

This particular graph breaks down violent crime into the major categories of muder, rape, robbery and assault. It is important to note that robbery is defined as an act to take property from a person with the use of force or the threat of force. In every category, the violent crime rate is exponentially higher than the state rate. The largest margin takes place within the murder category. At a rate of 0.39 incidents of murder, Detroit endures incidents of murder at over 6 times the rate of the state of Michigan.

Detroit Violent Crimes Data

Population:  671,275


Murder

Rape

Robbery

Assault

Report Total

261

988

2,309

9,920

Detroit Crime Rate
(per 1,000 residents)

0.39   -2.3 %

1.47   41.6 %

3.44   -12.6 %

14.78  -2.7 %

Michigan Crime Rate
(per 1,000 residents)

0.06   -3.4 %

0.77   + 7.9 %

0.57   -13.3 %

3.10  0.9 %

Difference From Last Year is Mentioned Next to Crime Rate.

Calculation: Number of Crime / Population x 1000

TOTAL VIOLENT CRIME DATA

This particular graph breaks down violent crime into the major categories of muder, rape, robbery and assault. It is important to note that robbery is defined as an act to take property from a person with the use of force or the threat of force. In every category, the violent crime rate is exponentially higher than the state rate. The largest margin takes place within the murder category. At a rate of 0.39 incidents of murder, Detroit endures incidents of murder at over 6 times the rate of the state of Michigan.


Murder

Rape

Robbery

​Assault

Number of Crimes in
Detroit

261

988

2,309

9,920

Number of Crimes in
Michigan

551

7,690

5,656

31,021

Number of Crimes in
 United States

16,214

139,380

282,061

807,410

Detroit Contribution in Crimes of Michigan

47.37 %

12.85 %

40.82 %

31.98 %

Detroit Contribution in Crimes of US

1.61 %

0.71 %

0.82 %

1.23 %

​Contribution Calculation: Chicago Data / United States Data x 100

Calculation: Number of Crime / Population x 1000

Comparing 2017 and 2018 side by side, one can see that violent crime by any type has not changed much from year to year. Murder, robbery, and assault all went down by a small margin, while rape did jump by nearly 48% from 2017 to 2018. This could reflect either a higher number of incidents or simply a higher number reporting of incidents from one year to the next.

Detroit PROPERTY CRIME DATA

In another telling graph, it is worth noting that when it comes to property crime, Michigan comes in vastly below the national rates. At only 16.53 incidents of property crime per 1,000 residents, Michigan sees property crime at only 3/4th the level of the United States as a whole. Yet, Detroit rings in at 43.05 incidents of property crime per 1,000 residents. Again, with Detroit being a primary driver for crime in Michigan, the state statistics would look radically different with taking those numbers into account.

Detroit Property Crimes Data

Population:  671,275


Burglary

Theft

​Motor Vehicle Theft

Report Total

7,440

15,003

6,454

Detroit Crime Rate
(per 1,000 residents)

11.08   -10.0 %

22.35   6.7 %

9.61   -20.9 %

Michigan Crime Rate
(per 1,000 residents)

3.17   -11.8 %

11.62   -6.8 %

1.75  -11.1 %

Difference From Last Year is Mentioned Next to Crime Rate.

Calculation: Number of Crime / Population x 1000

In this graph, one can see how Detroit drives property crime numbers in the state of Michigan by type. Broken down into the three major categories of burglary, theft, and motor vehicle theft, you can see the scope of the problem in more detail. It is important to note that burglary is an act of theft that typically involves a structure of some sort. Detroit witnesses 11.08 incidents of burglary per 1,000 residents whereas the state of Michigan totals 3.17 incidents per 1,000 residents. Motor vehicle theft continues to be a major problem for the city as at 9.61 incidents per 1,000 residents, it is six times higher than the state rates.

TOTAL PROPERTY CRIME DATA

Remembering that Detroit accounts for 0.21% of the total U.S. population, one can see that burglary and motor vehicle theft continue to be the primary property crime struggles for Detroit. The city accounts for only 0.29% of the incidents of theft in the United States which is much more in line with what its population would suggest. Also when taken into context with the same graph above measuring violent crime, it notes that violent crime continues to be the primary threat faced by Detroit residents.


Burglary

Theft

​Motor Vehicle Theft

Number of Crimes in
Detroit

7,440

15,003

6,454

Number of Crimes in
Michigan

31,651

116,178

17,451

Number of Crimes in
 United States

1,230,149

5,217,055

748,841

Detroit Contribution in Crimes of Michigan

23.51 %

12.91 %

36.98 %

Detroit Contribution in Crimes of US

0.60 %

0.29 %

0.86 %

​Contribution Calculation: Chicago Data / United States Data x 100

Calculation: Number of Crime / Population x 1000

In this graph, we have a side by side comparison of property crime by type from 2017 to 2018. It demonstrates that the various property crimes take place at a fairly consistent proportion to one another from one year to the next. Theft continues to be the primary driver and saw a significant jump from 2017 to 2018. However, both burglary and theft did drop from 2017 to 2018.

 Our Final Thoughts


Whereas all major U.S. cities struggle with crime in various forms, Detroit continues to struggle to a large degree with violent crime the most glaring concern. As Detroit continues to compete for the highest crime rate in the United States, many would opine as to the reasons why. However, this presentation was simply to state the facts. As Winston Churchill once famously said, “The truth is incontrovertible. Malice may attack, ignorance may deride it, but in the end, there it is.”

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